Have you ever walked through your school and asked yourself, “Who would feel welcome and comfortable here?”
I am sure we have all walked into a space where we immediately felt comfortable and, conversely, have been in spaces that do not feel welcoming or comfortable. What is it about those spaces that engender those feelings?
A learning space will work well for everyone only if it is designed to do so. Design a plan from the outset that includes all students, particularly those experiencing barriers to learning. —TKI: Inclusive Education Guides for Schools
For New Zealand schools, the partnership outlined in the Treaty of Waitangi is a primary driver in the design of learning environments. In a recent CORE Breakfast, Dr Ann Milne (NZ educator and researcher) noted that, for Māori, our classrooms are often “white spaces” created by the absence of te ao Māori in the spaces and in teaching, learning and school-wide practice.
This absence of te ao Māori in New Zealand classrooms can create feelings of discomfort or invisibility.
While the Treaty partnership provides us with a primary driver for looking at learning spaces, a number of other hidden barriers may also exist.
Using other lenses to review your spaces
Recently, I worked with a school to have a critical look at their spaces and identify how welcoming and comfortable they might feel. To support this work, we used the six headings outlined in the Inclusive Education Guide – Designing and configuring flexible learning spaces to support the full participation and engagement of all students.
Each staff member delved into the research and information provided under one of the headings in the guide (see image below).
We then walked around the school viewing it through the chosen lens or lenses. The conversations started during this walkaround were rich and focused on some of the hidden barriers that can affect student access, engagement, and wellbeing. We talked about:
- Sensory overload — we looked at visuals and noticed some spaces were full of colourful artwork and had conversations about how much is too much for sensory overload.
- Access — we talked about things such as:
- mobility around classroom areas for students with vision impairment
- creating safe quiet zones in classes
- gender-neutral toilets in primary school contexts.
- Emotions and belonging — when we talked about the predominantly pastel colours in some spaces and how that might make various learners feel.
More importantly, this was not just talk. Staff made immediate changes to their learning environments based on what they noticed, and are considering and researching more options in the longer term.
Seeking diverse perspectives
I note a caveat for this post — taking a lens is not the same as living it. Nothing can replace working with a range of people with diverse perspectives when reviewing learning spaces. When we design spaces, we can collaborate from the outset to ensure that we design for all.
When we review established spaces, we can ask members of our learning community (students, whānau, and staff) which spaces they like being in and which feel less welcoming.
We can also use data such as who comes into the school and who does not to inform us. This type of data can provide a powerful starting point to help us ask the right questions and start the right conversations.
Deliberate design for inclusion
I invite you to use the rich resource that is our Inclusive Education website to have another look at your school environments. The Inclusive Education website is designed in New Zealand for New Zealand educators with practical strategies, suggestions, and resources to support the diverse needs of all learners.
If you are keen to find out more about inclusive practices and Universal Design for Learning:
- Contact CORE to ask about coaching and mentoring options available with our UDL team.
- Visit our Professional Learning website for workshop options.
Suggestions and resources image is from the TKI Inclusive Education Guide website